ADL Unable to Perform

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Lead Author(s): 

Stuart I. Weinstein, MD
Edward H. Yelin, PhD

Supporting Author(s): 

Sylvia I. Watkins-Castillo, PhD

Activities of daily living include walking, climbing steps, standing or sitting for extended periods of time, stooping, reaching, grasping, carrying or pushing/pulling large objects, shopping, and social activities or just relaxing. The number of adults with most major health conditions who have difficulty performing these activities is quite low, representing fewer than two or three adults out of 100. The exception is adults reporting musculoskeletal conditions, for whom the overall rate for a limitation in the performance of any ADL is nearly 15 in 100 persons. For individual ADL, those with musculoskeletal conditions report limitations at two to six times the rate found for other major health conditions. (Reference Table 1.7.1 PDF CSV)

Among the adult population in the work force, 38 in 1000 report they are unable to work at all due to a musculoskeletal disease, with an additional 21 reporting they can do only limited work. This is two times or greater than the rate of the second most work limiting condition, circulatory diseases. (Reference Table 1.7.2 PDF CSV)


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