Economic Cost


Fourth Edition advance copy

Disclaimer: This chapter will be included in the forthcoming The Burden of Musculoskeletal Diseases in the United States, Fourth Edition. The United States Bone and Joint Initiative is making it available here prior to its final print publication. This chapter has not been finalized for publication; therefore, it may contain errors of fact, interpretation, or information. The United States Bone and Joint Initiative editors and staff are not responsible for the use of any potentially misleading or inaccurate information or data. Click here for the suggested citation.


Lead Author(s): 

Edward H. Yelin, PhD
Miriam Cisternas, MA

Supporting Author(s): 

Sylvia I. Watkins-Castillo, PhD

The healthcare utilization and economic cost of musculoskeletal diseases section looks at the burden of musculoskeletal conditions both on individuals who have them and the overall US economy.



  • Fourth Edition

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